Could Low Melatonin Mean Higher Diabetes Risk?
Melatonin (“the sleep hormone”) is critical to regulating the body’s 24-hour biological clock and sleep-wake cycle. New research indicates that low levels of melatonin are associated with elevated risk for type 2 diabetes as is shown by the study from Boston’s Brigham & Women’s Hospital. Women with the lowest levels of melatonin secretion had more than two times the risk of developing type 2 diabetes as those with higher melatonin levels.
A study shows that osteoporosis is a complication in diabetes, with men who have Type 1 diabetes losing bone density at a rate similar to that of older, post-menopausal women with Type 2 diabetes. The findings suggest that young men with Type 1 diabetes should be doing weight-bearing exercise to strengthen their bones as well as supplement their diets with calcium and vitamin D to delay bone loss.
Weight training reduces risk of type 2 diabetes
Men who work out with weights for about 2.5 hours a week reduce their risk of Type 2 diabetes by 34 percent. The same amount of weekly aerobic exercise lessens a man’s risk of the disease by 52 percent, while the guy who combines both forms of exercise – allowing the same two and a half hours a week – drops his risk by just under 60 percent.
This finding, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, is interesting because we usually associate aerobic exercise (together with a healthy diet) with the reduction of the risk of Type 2 diabetes. However, the creation of lean mass formed during weight training does make a difference. Muscle tissue, with its fast resting metabolic rate, extracts more glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream than fatty tissue does, meaning more calories (including glucose or blood sugar) are burned per minute, keeping blood sugar levels lower.
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People with Type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of breaking bones
While gender may play a role in bone loss in people with Type 1 diabetes, the study published in Acta Diabetology is considered too small to form a conclusion, especially as other studies have shown no difference based on gender. What is known as fact, though, is that the risk factors are higher for people with Type 2 diabetes concerning breaking bones than the normal population and that men with Type 1 diabetes are at an increased risk of developing osteoporosis.
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One Soda Per Day Raises Diabetes Risk
One 12 ounce serving of a sugar-sweetened beverage can raise the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 22 percent as is shown by research from Imperial College of London.
The study considered over 15 years of data on sugar-sweetened beverage consumption that included more than 27,000 people from seven European countries.
There are nine other potentially dangerous ingredients (including carcinogenic artificial colors and phosphoric acid) in addition to sugar in soda.
Risk factors for children developing diabetes
Today’s lifestyle of little exercise and a diet of refined foods, both of which make the body insensitive to insulin reception which in turn results in higher levels of blood sugar, is taking a health toll on children. In every part of the world, more children are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes than ever before, and the best cure is in the prevention. Parents need to supply high-nutrition foods including whole grains, low-fat dairy and fish with lots of fruits and vegetables, reducing sweets, saturated fats, fried foods and soda.
With more physical education programs offered in schools and healthy lifestyle at home (both in terms of diet and exercise), the incidences of children suffering from heart, kidney and sugar-related diseases will decrease. Expectant mothers are also warned to avoid developing gestational diabetes if at all possible, not only through lifestyle and diet choices, but also through routine blood sugar monitoring during pregnancy under a doctor’s care.
C-Sections Put Infants at Higher Risk of Diabetes, Asthma
Cesarean sections have a negative effect on growth of ‘good’ digestive bacteria in newborns, which can increase the risk of asthma, obesity and type 1 diabetes among other conditions. The decision to breastfeed vs. formula feed plays a role in the risk.
Gut bacteria helps process food and regulate the digestive system, building immunity and safeguards the body against infection. Potential diseases that can arise from impairment of gut bacteria include allergies, asthma, cancer, and irritable bowel syndrome.
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